Vladimir Putin’s Russia is becoming increasingly restrictive, with its internet blacklist increasingly targeting websites that proliferate extremist content or contradict the established order.
Online access in Vladimir Putin’s Russia is becoming increasingly restrictive. In 2012, an Internet blacklist was established for stop the proliferation of extremist content, as well as anything that incites hatred or violates “the established order”.
More recently, Russian officials have started working with the people behind China’s so-called “great firewall”. This has resulted in a growing number of online services being banned in the country. Here are five of the most important:
The most recent digital service to fall under Russia’s media watchdog, known as Roskomnadzor, is Telegram. The mobile messaging app, which has more than 200 million users worldwide, has been blocked for not giving the Russian government access to its encrypted messages.
Many disappointed Telegram users will likely switch to rival app ICQ, an instant messaging client connected to Putin loyalist Alisher Usmanov.
While Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) are widely regarded as one of the most effective ways to bypass internet censorship, the Russian government has taken steps to address this particular loophole.
Telegram was blocked for not giving the Russian government access to its encrypted messages
In November 2017, a law came into force that prohibits services that allow users to access banned websites. While the ruling does not ban the use of all VPNs, it represents the next step in Russia’s journey to a more authoritative online ecosystem.
Three years ago, Vladimir Putin introduced legislation requiring all organizations holding data on Russian citizens to keep it within national borders. The most publicized victim of this decision to date has been LinkedIn, which was blocked in 2016.
Whether LinkedIn will adapt to comply with Russian regulations remains to be seen, but the social network was certainly happy to do so for access the Chinese market.
Given Russia’s slide to autocracy, it’s no surprise that Open Russia, a pro-democracy NGO, has been on the country’s ban list chaturbate.
Deemed to be an “undesirable organization”, Open Russia has been accused of inciting protest and threatening the country’s internal political situation. To fuel such a claim, the website is forcing Russian citizens to avoid making the same mistakes when, not if, “Everything collapses”.
National Endowment for Democracy
In 2015, the Washington-based National Endowment for Democracy became the first NGO to be banned in Russia. The group aims to strengthen democratic institutions around the world and receives most of its funding from the US Congress, which on its own would likely have been enough to arouse Putin’s suspicion. After all, the Russian president has already describes the Internet as a “CIA project”.